ASERT team

Change All Your Passwords, Right Now!

by Steinthor Bjarnason, Senior ASERT Security Analyst & Roland Dobbins, ASERT Principal Engineer CloudFlare are probably best known as a DDoS mitigation service provider, but they also operate one of the largest Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) on the Internet. Many popular Web sites, mobile apps, etc. make use of the CloudFlare CDN, which hosts content […]

On the Economics, Propagation, and Mitigation of Mirai

By Kirk Soluk and Roland Dobbins In late November of 2016, a new Mirai variant emerged that leveraged a propagation mechanism different from the Telnet-based brute forcing mechanism originally provided in the leaked Mirai source code. This new variant exploits vulnerable implementations of the TR-064/TR-069 protocol used by ISPs to remotely manage their customer’s broadband […]

TrickBot Banker Insights

A new banking trojan, TrickBot, has seemingly risen from the ashes left behind by the November 2015 takedown of Dyreza/Dyre infrastructure and the arrests of threat actors identified by Russian authorities. Dyreza was used to target customers of over 1000 U.S. and U.K. banks and other companies during the peak of operations. Researchers at Threat Geek […]

Annual Security Survey – Call for Participation

It’s that time again! Arbor Networks is opening its 12th annual Worldwide Infrastructure Security Report survey. Findings from this survey are compiled and analyzed to provide insights on a comprehensive range of issues from threat detection and incident response to staffing, budgets and partner relationships.  A copy of the report will be sent to all participants. We […]

On DNS and DDoS

The global DNS infrastructure provides the critical function of mapping seeming random sets of numbers in IP addresses (like 1.1.1.1) to a name that an Internet consumer may recognize (like www.myfavoritestore.com).   To scale to a global level, the DNS system was designed as a multi-level reference network that would allow any user on the Internet […]

Dumping Core: Analytical Findings on Trojan.Corebot

Download the full report here. The Corebot banking trojan was initially discovered and documented last year by researchers at Security Intelligence. Since then, it has evolved rapidly and, in terms of capabilities such as browser-based web injections, it is now similar to the dominant banking malware such as Zeus, Neverquest, and Dyreza although its actual impact to date is […]

The Big Bong Theory: Conjectures on a Korean Banking Trojan

Download the full report here. ASERT has been analyzing samples of a banking trojan targeting South Korean financial institutions. We call the banker “Big Bong” and provide, in this threat intelligence report, an in-depth behavioral analysis of the malware from builder to bot and from installation to exfiltration including obfuscation techniques, certificate use, and VPN-based […]

Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger

The full report “Uncovering the Seven Pointed Dagger: Discovery of the Trochilus RAT and Other Targeted Threats” can be downloaded here. Threat actors with strategic interest in the affairs of other governments and civil society organizations have been launching targeted exploitation campaigns for years. Typically, these campaigns leverage spear phishing as the delivery vector and often […]

Amplifying Black Energy

Click here to download the full report. The Black Energy malware family has a long and storied history dating back to 2007. Originally a monolithic DDoS platform, significant advancements were made in 2010 including support for an extensible plugin architecture that allowed Black Energy 2 to more easily expand beyond DDoS into other activities such […]